Although the term disparities are often interpreted to mean racial or ethnic disparities, many dimensions of disparity exist in the United States, particularly in health. If a health outcome is seen to a greater or lesser extent between populations, there is disparity. Race or ethnicity, sex, sexual identity, age, disability, socioeconomic status, and geographic location all contribute to an individual’s ability to achieve good health. It is important to recognize the impact that social determinants have on health outcomes of specific populations.
The Puerto Rico Clinical and Translational Research Consortium is concerned about the health status and health outcomes of all people living in Puerto Rico. Because we are an island population that is predominantly Hispanic, our population has a higher burden of some diseases. To help guide us in making the most significant impact on the health of Puerto Ricans and other Hispanic populations, the PRCTRC is focused on four areas: cancer, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, HIV, and neuroscience.